Structure your salary to maximise your take-home
We all know the numbers on the CTC (cost to company) but the take home is vastly different. This is mostly due to one single component -- Taxes. Taxes are applicable on most aspects of our salary. However, there are a few ways you can save on taxes by way of deductions. The most used sections under the IT Act, 1961 are -- 80C, 80D, 80G and Sec 24.
But, did you know you can save much more on taxes by structuring your salary better?
Let us consider a few components that can be used to reduce the tax liability on your salary income:
Allowances are normally paid irrespective of the employee actually incurring them. These are fully taxable if no bills are provided. However, if the expenses are actually incurred and bills provided, they are not taxable up to a specified limit under each head.
For conveyance, up to Rs 800 per month is allowed as deduction without providing any bills.
Bills have to be provided; up to Rs15,000 per annum is allowed as deduction. This can be claimed for self, spouse, children, parents and siblings who are dependent on the assessee.
Leave and travel allowance:
Two trips in a block of four years is allowed and only travel within India can be claimed as deduction. It can be claimed for self, spouse, children, parents but only if the employee (assessee) is travelling along with them. There is no maximum limit on this, but the unutilised amount will be paid once the block is completed (after deducting taxes).
An amount of up to Rs 2,400 per annum is tax-free.
An amount of Rs 24,000 per annum is tax-free.
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An amount of up to Rs 14,000 per annum is tax-free if the employee provides relevant bills.
An amount of Rs 12,000 per annum is tax free if the phone is used for official purposes and bills submitted.
House Rent Allowance can be claimed if one lives in a rented premises and the rent exceeds 10 per cent of the salary. The actual HRA exempted from tax is least of the following:
- The actual amount of HRA received.
- 40 per cent of salary. This increases to 50 per cent if you are renting out the house in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai or Kolkata.
- Rent paid minus 10 per cent of salary (basic component + dearness allowance).
- Salary for the purpose of HRA means: Basic + DA (only if it is forming part of salary for retirement benefits) + commission (if it's a fixed percentage of sales turnover).
Ho it works
Let us look at how these deductions work.
Mr Raj is an employee with a CTC of Rs 8 lakh pa for FY (Financial Year) 2009-10. The difference in his tax liability is illustrated in the image alongside.
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A less tax-friendly salary structure
While the first illustration brings taxable income into the second tax bracket, here's a look at a less tax-friendly break-up.
So the next time you are changing your job or negotiating your salary with the HR, keep salary structure in mind and try to get it optimised. The right salary structure can save a lot of taxes in addition to the deductions available.